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Identifying Governance Strategies that Support Conservation Outcomes

pnas 29 March 2011

This week’s issue of PNAS brings an article on the performance of governance strategies in achieving three conservation outcomes: provision of ecosystem services, sustainability of resource use, and conservation of biodiversity. In the article, R. E. Kenward and colleagues develop an analytical framework that attempts to explain how economic, societal and ecological impacts of different governance strategies are influenced by three broad categories of variables : (1) initial capacity, (2) management priorities and (3) main processes and tools aimed at those priorities. Thirty four local and international case studies were used in the analysis. The findings support the benefits of adaptive management and the role of leadership. The conservation outcomes investigated were associated with different sets of governance strategies. It means that a combination of strategies will be required for achieving simultaneously provision of ecosystem services, sustainability of resource use, and conservation of biodiversity. In that case, some compromise would be expected because governance strategies that benefit one outcome may not necessarily be supportive of the other two. For example, strategies featuring ecological priorities seem to benefit biodiversity conservation whereas those featuring economic priorities seem to benefit ecosystem services.

Kenward et al. 2011. Identifying governance strategies that effectively support ecosystem services, resource sustainability, and biodiversity. PNAS 118(13): 5308–5312. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1007933108

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